Sometimes referred to as bushveld rain frog (Breviceps adspersus), the common rain frog is a species from the Brevicipitidae family. It is commonly found in African countries such as Eswatini, Mozambique, the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, and Zambia, among others. The common rain frog can survive in different natural habitats, including temperate shrubland, subtropical/tropical dry shrubland, arable land, plantations, and even urban areas. Here, we analyze every aspect of the common rain frog behavior.

What Does the Common Rain Frog Look Like?

The common rain frog is characterized by a round body, a small head, stumpy legs, and often brownish-green in color. Interestingly, this frog species cannot jump/hope because of their physical features. It, instead, moves by walking, as it cannot swim, either. When in water, they simply inflate their bodies to remain afloat.

Female common rain frogs are usually larger, with some growing to 60 millimeters in length – the biggest male can only achieve 47 millimeters.

Where Do Common Rain Frogs Live?

There are two types of the common rain frog: Breviceps adspersus and Breviceps adspersus pentheri. B. adspersus is commonly adapted to the Northern African climate, while the B. pentheri species is more likely to survive in the southern regions of the continent. While distinguishing the two is not easy, scientists classify them as different sub-species because of the variations in markings and coloration.

Countries where you are likely to find common rain frogs include:

  • South Africa
  • Mozambique
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Angola
  • Botswana
  • Eswatini
  • Namibia

In terms of climatic adaptation, you can find the common rain frog in:

  • Dry savanna
  • Temperate grassland
  • Plantations
  • Arable land
  • Lowland grassland
  • Subtropical/tropical dry shrubland
  • Subtropical/tropical moist shrubland

The common rain frog is a highly seasonal species. It remains primarily underground (preferably in sand areas such as deserts). During winter, the species hibernate in communal burrows, forming a mucous cocoon around their bodies. This helps them estivate through the changing weather patterns.

The Feeding Patterns of Common Rain Frog

Usually, common rain frogs feed on termites, ants, beetles, worms, and other insects. On the other hand, its predators include scorpions, snakes, bush pigs, and rodents.

Common Rain Frog Mating Behavior and Communication

While they spend most of their time hibernating underground, common rain frogs usually come out to mate when the rains start. They communicate by producing a harsh squawking sound. The males usually find a perfect spot for mating (can be beneath vegetation) and then signal the females through the sounds described.

Mating is not generally as straightforward for these species because males are usually smaller than females. Female rain frogs secrete a sticky fluid that glues their male counterparts on their backs. After fertilization, the female digs up a burrow where she will lay her eggs (about 22 of them). Interestingly, common rain frog eggs hatch directly into froglets rather than tadpoles, as is usually the case with other frog species.

Are Common Rain Frogs Good Pets?

Yes, you can keep common rain frogs as pets. They are easy to care for and don’t require a lot of maintenance conditions. Other than keeping them in their special habitats, feeding routines shouldn’t be a problem.

Where to Buy Common Rain Frog

If you want to buy a common rain frog, a quick online search should point you in the right direction. However, if you have decided to purchase and keep this frog species as a pet, learning more about them can help. Watching documentaries involving the frogs and challenging yourself to trivia can also help.

The prices of a common rain frog vary depending on the seller and location. You can find one starting from $200.

The Key Take Away

The common rain frogs are beloved frog species famous for their small heads, stumpy legs, and round bodies. They are among the few species (and even animals at large) that can’t jump. Common rain frogs can’t swim, either – they just balloon to remain afloat if they ever find themselves in such territories. Females are usually larger than the males, so their mating process is also interesting. They usually feed on mites, worms, and beetles, while their biggest predators are snakes, scorpions, and bush pigs.

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